What Is IOS Delegate?

Why we use delegates in Swift?

Delegation is used for everything from handling table view events using UITableViewDelegate , to modifying cache behavior using NSCacheDelegate .

The core purpose of the delegate pattern is to allow an object to communicate back to its owner in a decoupled way..

How do I use delegates in Swift?

The basic steps to use delegation are the same for both Objective-C and Swift:Create a delegate protocol that defines the messages sent to the delegate.Create a delegate property in the delegating class to keep track of the delegate.Adopt and implement the delegate protocol in the delegate class.More items…•Nov 9, 2015

What is delegate and protocol in iOS?

Protocols are a way to specify a set of methods you want a class to implement if it wants to work with one of your classes. Delegates and Data Sources like UITableViewDelegate and UITableViewDataSource are protocols indeed. … You can also declare some optional methods by declaring them after the @optional specifier.

Which statement is true of delegates?

Delegates are type-safe. Delegates serve the same purpose as function pointers in C and pointers to member function operators in C++. E. Only one method can be called using a delegate.

How do you use delegates?

Delegates OverviewDelegates are similar to C++ function pointers, but are type safe.Delegates allow methods to be passed as parameters.Delegates can be used to define callback methods.Delegates can be chained together; for example, multiple methods can be called on a single event.More items…

What is datasource in Swift?

The object that acts as the data source of the table view. Availability.

Are delegates type safe?

In essence, a delegate holds a reference to a method and also to the target object on which the method should be called. Delegates in C# are similar to function pointers in C++, but C# delegates are type safe. You can pass methods as parameters to a delegate to allow the delegate to point to the method.

What are delegates in iOS Swift?

Delegates are a design pattern that allows one object to send messages to another object when a specific event happens. Imagine an object A calls an object B to perform an action.

What is the difference between delegate and notification in iOS?

A delegate uses protocols and creates a has-a relationship between the two classes. One of the other benefits of delegates is that you can return something back to the owning class. Notifications, on the other hand, are more geared towards point to multipoint communication.

What is the difference between delegate and protocol in Swift?

Protocol is a set of methods (either optional or required) that would be implemented by the class which conforms to that protocol. While, delegate is the reference to that class which conforms to that protocol and will adhere to implement methods defined in protocol. Have a look at this Apple doc for more detail.

What is protocol in Swift?

Protocol is a very powerful feature of the Swift programming language. Protocols are used to define a “blueprint of methods, properties, and other requirements that suit a particular task or piece of functionality.” … Write flexible and extensible code in Swift with protocol-oriented programming.

Why delegates are weak iOS?

For delegation patters in iOS, the delegated object is the parent, because there is no need for the delegate caller to exist without the delegated object. … When you define a delegate object as property, it’s used a weak reference in the object it is defined in(lets say A, i.e. the delegate object is a property of A).

How do I stop retaining cycles in Swift?

We can solve this in two ways. First, we can use [unowned self]: Now the closure doesn’t have a strong reference anymore. Just be careful when using [unowned self] since that, if the object has already been deallocated when the closure is called, a crash will occur.

Why delegates are weak in Swift?

With using lazy keyword we are not initializing delegate which means there is no memory leak right now. Let’s break that. Object will be created and there will be memory leak. … Therefore, if the object conforming to the protocol needs to be stored in a weak property then the protocol must be a class-only protocol.

What is protocol in Swift with example?

Protocols provide a blueprint for Methods, properties and other requirements functionality. It is just described as a methods or properties skeleton instead of implementation. Methods and properties implementation can further be done by defining classes, functions and enumerations.

Should delegates be weak or strong?

Delegates should always generally be weak.

What is data source in Swift?

To manage the data, you provide the table with a data source object—that is, an object that implements the UITableViewDataSource protocol. A data source object responds to data-related requests from the table. It also manages the table’s data directly, or coordinates with other parts of your app to manage that data.

What is difference between delegate and datasource in iOS?

A data source is almost identical to a delegate. The difference is in the relationship with the delegating object. Instead of being delegated control of the user interface, a data source is delegated control of data.

What exactly is a delegate?

A delegate is a person selected to represent a group of people in some political assembly of the United States. … In the United States Congress delegates are elected to represent the interests of a United States territory and its citizens or nationals.

What is delegate and datasource in Swift?

A data source is an outlet held by NSView and UIView objects such as table views and outline views that require a source from which to populate their rows of visible data. The data source for a view is usually the same object that acts as its delegate, but it can be any object.

What is unowned self in Swift?

The most common place you’ll see unowned variables is with closures that declare [unowned self] – this means “I want to reference self inside this closure but I don’t want to own it.” Why unowned rather than weak ? Both would work, but let’s face it: if self is nil inside a closure, something has gone wrong!