What Is If Let In Swift?

What is use of in Swift?

Swift 4 also introduces Optionals type, which handles the absence of a value.

Optionals say either “there is a value, and it equals x” or “there isn’t a value at all”.

Optionals are similar to using nil with pointers in Objective-C, but they work for any type, not just classes..

What is a lazy VAR in Swift?

Swift has a mechanism built right into the language that enables just-in-time calculation of expensive work, and it is called a lazy variable. These variables are created using a function you specify only when that variable is first requested.

What are tuples in Swift?

Tuples in Swift occupy the space between dictionaries and structures: they hold very specific types of data (like a struct) but can be created on the fly (like dictionaries). They are commonly used to return multiple values from a function call.

What are types in Swift?

In Swift, there are two kinds of types: named types and compound types. A named type is a type that can be given a particular name when it’s defined. Named types include classes, structures, enumerations, and protocols. … A compound type is a type without a name, defined in the Swift language itself.

What is if let and guard let in Swift?

guard let will unwrap an optional for you, but if it finds nil inside it expects you to exit the function, loop, or condition you used it in. However, the major difference between if let and guard let is that your unwrapped optional remains usable after the guard code.

What are optionals in Swift?

An optional in Swift is basically a constant or variable that can hold a value OR no value. The value can or cannot be nil. It is denoted by appending a “?” after the type declaration.

What is unwrapping in Swift?

Unwrapping an optional means that you are now casting that type as non-optional. This will generate a new type and assign the value that resided within that optional to the new non-optional type. This way you can perform operations on that variable as it has been guaranteed by the compiler to have a solid value.

Is Swift type safe?

Swift is a type-safe language. A type safe language encourages you to be clear about the types of values your code can work with. If part of your code requires a String , you can’t pass it an Int by mistake. … If you don’t specify the type of value you need, Swift uses type inference to work out the appropriate type.

What is exclamation mark in Swift?

Swift uses exclamation marks to signal both force unwrapping of optionals and explicitly unwrapped optionals.

What is difference between if and guard in Swift?

Generally that means it must call return or abort the program. guard is used to provide early return without requiring nesting of the rest of the function. if let nests its scope, and does not require anything special of it. It can return or not.

How do I force unwrap in Swift?

Even though Swift isn’t sure the conversion will work, you can see the code is safe so you can force unwrap the result by writing ! after Int(str) , like this: let num = Int(str)! Swift will immediately unwrap the optional and make num a regular Int rather than an Int? .

What is guard let in Swift?

Swift gives us an alternative to if let called guard let , which also unwraps optionals if they contain a value, but works slightly differently: guard let is designed to exit the current function, loop, or condition if the check fails, so any values you unwrap using it will stay around after the check.

Do try catch Swift?

The try/catch syntax was added in Swift 2.0 to make exception handling clearer and safer. It’s made up of three parts: do starts a block of code that might fail, catch is where execution gets transferred if any errors occur, and any function calls that might fail need to be called using try .

What is closure in Swift?

Closures are self-contained blocks of functionality that can be passed around and used in your code. Closures in Swift are similar to blocks in C and Objective-C and to lambdas in other programming languages. … Nested functions are closures that have a name and can capture values from their enclosing function.

What is implicitly unwrapped optional?

Implicitly unwrapping that optional means that it’s still optional and might be nil, but Swift eliminates the need for unwrapping. Now, you might read that and think “great! I hate unwrapping optionals with if let ”, but there’s a problem: if you try to use a value that contains nil your code will crash.