What is the difference between weak and strong
A variable that does not take ownership of an object is known as a weak reference.
strong is the default.
An object remains “alive” as long as there is a strong pointer to it.
A weak reference is set to nil when there are no strong references to the object..
What is ARC in Swift
Swift uses Automatic Reference Counting (ARC) to track and manage your app’s memory usage. … ARC automatically frees up the memory used by class instances when those instances are no longer needed.
What is a lazy VAR in Swift
Swift has a mechanism built right into the language that enables just-in-time calculation of expensive work, and it is called a lazy variable. These variables are created using a function you specify only when that variable is first requested.
What is retain cycle in Swift
I. What are retain cycles and memory leaks? A memory leak in iOS is when an amount of allocated space in memory cannot be deallocated due to retain cycles. Since Swift uses Automatic Reference Counting (ARC), a retain cycle occurs when two or more objects hold strong references to each other.
Is Alexa weak AI
Siri and Alexa could be considered AI, but generally, they are weak AI programs. Even advanced chess programs are considered weak AI.
Why is IBOutlet weak
In Mac development an IBOutlet is usually a weak reference: if you have a subclass of NSViewController only the top-level view will be retained and when you dealloc the controller all its subviews and outlets are freed automatically. UiViewController use Key Value Coding to set the outlets using strong references.
What is unowned self in Swift
The most common place you’ll see unowned variables is with closures that declare [unowned self] – this means “I want to reference self inside this closure but I don’t want to own it.” Why unowned rather than weak ? Both would work, but let’s face it: if self is nil inside a closure, something has gone wrong!
What is optional in Swift
An optional in Swift is basically a constant or variable that can hold a value OR no value. The value can or cannot be nil. It is denoted by appending a “?” after the type declaration. … This is a big impact on the language Swift itself because what that means is that anything non-optional types can never be nil.
Is Google an AI
Google AI is a division of Google dedicated to artificial intelligence….Google AI.IndustryArtificial intelligenceFounded2017OwnerGoogleWebsitewww.ai.google
What is closure in Swift
Closures are self-contained blocks of functionality that can be passed around and used in your code. Closures in Swift are similar to blocks in C and Objective-C and to lambdas in other programming languages. … Nested functions are closures that have a name and can capture values from their enclosing function.
Why delegates are weak iOS
For delegation patters in iOS, the delegated object is the parent, because there is no need for the delegate caller to exist without the delegated object. … When you define a delegate object as property, it’s used a weak reference in the object it is defined in(lets say A, i.e. the delegate object is a property of A).
What does weak mean in Swift
A weak reference is just a pointer to an object that doesn’t protect the object from being deallocated by ARC. While strong references increase the retain count of an object by 1, weak references do not. In addition, weak references zero out the pointer to your object when it successfully deallocates.
What is strong reference in Swift
Strong Reference Cycle. In essence, strong references are used to describe the relationship between objects. When an object has a strong reference to another object, this creates a retain cycle that prevents the object that is being referenced from being deallocated and increases the retain count to 1.
Why outlets are weak in Swift
weak is used because in most situations the owner of the outlet isn’t the same as the owner of the view. For example, a view controller doesn’t own someLabel – the view controller’s view does. var because outlets are, by definition, set after initialization.
What is @IBOutlet
“IBAction” is used by in place of the “return type” void for a method that receives an event sent from Interface Builder. The IBAction keyword allows the programmer to connect the source code to user interface objects in Interface Builder. Neither IBOutlet or IBAction affect how the code is compiled.
What is retain count in Swift
Retain Count represents number of owners for a particular object. It is zero till object does not have any owners. Increase in one ownership claim will cause retain count to increase by 1 and decrease will cause it to decrement by 1. Example: – Class A object is created using alloc/init and retain count is 1.
Is Siri an AI
Siri is the AI-based voice assistant available across all Apple devices, comparable to Amazon Alexa and Google’s google assistant.
What is the difference between weak and unowned
The first difference you need to know about is that an unowned reference is always expected to have a value. … When that happens, the reference is set to nil . Because a weak reference can be set to nil , it is always declared as an optional. That is the second difference between weak and unowned references.
What is computed property in Swift
Swift offers us two kinds of property: a stored property is one that saves a value for use later, and a computed property is one that runs some code in order to calculate the value. … The computed property returns a string based on joining the four stored properties into a sentence.
Why is Siri an AI
Siri relies on natural language generation, natural language processing, and machine learning in order to effectively operate and improve its performance over time.
What is a mutating function in Swift
It clearly states that adding mutating keyword to any function in value type can enable them to modify the variable. … Internally when we try to mutate the value type, it does not mutate its value but it mutates the variable holding that value.