Quick Answer: Why Is Delegate Weak In IOS?

What is a retain cycle Swift?

What are retain cycles and memory leaks.

A memory leak in iOS is when an amount of allocated space in memory cannot be deallocated due to retain cycles.

Since Swift uses Automatic Reference Counting (ARC), a retain cycle occurs when two or more objects hold strong references to each other..

Why we use lazy in Swift?

Lazy properties are also useful when the initial value for a property requires complex or computationally expensive setup that shouldn’t be performed unless or until it’s needed. The example below uses a lazy stored property to avoid unnecessary initialization of a complex class.

What is delegate and datasource in Swift?

A data source is an outlet held by NSView and UIView objects such as table views and outline views that require a source from which to populate their rows of visible data. The data source for a view is usually the same object that acts as its delegate, but it can be any object.

Why delegates are weak in Swift?

With using lazy keyword we are not initializing delegate which means there is no memory leak right now. Let’s break that. Object will be created and there will be memory leak. … Therefore, if the object conforming to the protocol needs to be stored in a weak property then the protocol must be a class-only protocol.

Why we use delegates in Swift?

Delegation is used for everything from handling table view events using UITableViewDelegate , to modifying cache behavior using NSCacheDelegate . The core purpose of the delegate pattern is to allow an object to communicate back to its owner in a decoupled way.

What is delegation with example?

The definition of a delegation is a group of people who have been tasked with a specific job or given a specific purpose, or the act of assigning a specific task or purpose to a person or group of people. … When a boss assigns tasks to his employees, this is an example of delegation.

What is strong and weak in Swift?

April 21, 2018. A strong reference means that you want to “own” the object you are referencing with this property/variable. In contrast, with a weak reference you signify that you don’t want to have control over the object’s lifetime.

What is a delegate in Swift?

Swift version: 5.2. Delegates are extremely common in iOS development, but fortunately they are easy to understand: a delegate is any object that should be notified when something interesting has happened.

What is datasource in Swift?

The object that acts as the data source of the table view. Availability.

How do you call a delegate in Swift?

Key Steps to DelegationCreate a delegate protocol that defines the messages sent to the delegate.Create a delegate property in the delegating class to keep track of the delegate.Adopt and implement the delegate protocol in the delegate class.Call the delegate from the delegating object.Nov 9, 2015

What is a callback in Swift?

In the Swift language you can pass a function as an argument to another function. … The callback function takes two integers as its arguments and returns Void. The callback is called for every element of the given array, with the first argument being the Array index, and the second argument the array element.

What is memory management in iOS?

Memory management is the programming discipline of managing the life cycles of objects and freeing them when they are no longer needed. Managing object memory is a matter of performance; if an application doesn’t free unneeded objects, its memory footprint grows and performance suffers.

What are protocols in iOS?

In iOS development, a protocol is a set of methods and properties that encapsulates a unit of functionality. The protocol doesn’t actually contain any of the implementation for these things; it merely defines the required elements.

What is difference between delegate and datasource in iOS?

A data source is almost identical to a delegate. The difference is in the relationship with the delegating object. Instead of being delegated control of the user interface, a data source is delegated control of data.

What is unowned self in Swift?

The most common place you’ll see unowned variables is with closures that declare [unowned self] – this means “I want to reference self inside this closure but I don’t want to own it.” Why unowned rather than weak ? Both would work, but let’s face it: if self is nil inside a closure, something has gone wrong!

What is weak in Swift?

A weak reference is just a pointer to an object that doesn’t protect the object from being deallocated by ARC. In Swift, all weak references are non-constant Optionals (think var vs. … let ) because the reference can and will be mutated to nil when there is no longer anything holding a strong reference to it.

Why is IBOutlet weak?

In Mac development an IBOutlet is usually a weak reference: if you have a subclass of NSViewController only the top-level view will be retained and when you dealloc the controller all its subviews and outlets are freed automatically. UiViewController use Key Value Coding to set the outlets using strong references.

What is delegate method?

A delegate method is a method that the delegate object is expected to implement. … A delegate is simply a reference to another object and a delegate method is a method of the delegate. A delegate method implements the callback mechanism which usually takes the sender as one of the parameter to be called.

What is retain in iOS?

You send an object a retain message when you want to prevent it from being deallocated until you have finished using it. An object is deallocated automatically when its reference count reaches 0 . retain messages increment the reference count, and release messages decrement it.

What is delegate pattern in iOS?

According to Apple: Delegation is a simple and powerful pattern in which one object in a program acts on behalf of, or in coordination with, another object. The delegating object keeps a reference to the other object–the delegate–and at the appropriate time sends a message to it.

What is difference between protocol and delegate in iOS?

Protocol is a set of methods (either optional or required) that would be implemented by the class which conforms to that protocol. While, delegate is the reference to that class which conforms to that protocol and will adhere to implement methods defined in protocol. Have a look at this Apple doc for more detail.