Question: What Is Unowned Self In Swift?

What is a lazy VAR in Swift?

Swift has a mechanism built right into the language that enables just-in-time calculation of expensive work, and it is called a lazy variable.

These variables are created using a function you specify only when that variable is first requested..

What is computed property in Swift?

Swift offers us two kinds of property: a stored property is one that saves a value for use later, and a computed property is one that runs some code in order to calculate the value. … The computed property returns a string based on joining the four stored properties into a sentence.

What is the difference between self and self in Swift?

When you’re writing protocols and protocol extensions, there’s a difference between Self (capital S) and self (lowercase S). When used with a capital S, Self refers to the type that conform to the protocol, e.g. String or Int . … On the other hand, self with a lowercase S refers to whatever value the type holds.

What is the difference between closure and function in Swift?

Roughly, a closure is a block of code that may capture variable values from its surrounding scope. … In Swift, a function (including a method) is semantically just a closure with a static name — you can pass a function name anywhere that a closure parameter is required, assuming that the type signature is correct.

What is Self in iOS Swift?

self is a property on the instance that refers to itself. … When self is accessed in a type method ( static func or class func ), it refers to the actual type (rather than an instance). Swift allows to omit self when you want to access instances properties.

What is @IBOutlet?

“IBAction” is used by in place of the “return type” void for a method that receives an event sent from Interface Builder. The IBAction keyword allows the programmer to connect the source code to user interface objects in Interface Builder. Neither IBOutlet or IBAction affect how the code is compiled.

What is closure in Swift?

Closures are self-contained blocks of functionality that can be passed around and used in your code. Closures in Swift are similar to blocks in C and Objective-C and to lambdas in other programming languages. … Nested functions are closures that have a name and can capture values from their enclosing function.

What is atomic and Nonatomic in Swift?

Atomic means only one thread accesses the variable (static type). … Nonatomic means multiple threads access the variable (dynamic type). Nonatomic is thread-unsafe, but it is fast.

What is $0 and $1 in Swift?

$0 and $1 are Closure’s first and second shorthand arguments (a.k.a. Shorthand Argument Names or SAN for short). The shorthand argument names are automatically provided by Swift. The first argument can be referenced by $0 , the second argument can be referenced by $1 , the third one by $2 , and so on.

What is the difference between weak and unowned?

The first difference you need to know about is that an unowned reference is always expected to have a value. … When that happens, the reference is set to nil . Because a weak reference can be set to nil , it is always declared as an optional. That is the second difference between weak and unowned references.

What is strong in Swift?

A strong reference means that you want to “own” the object you are referencing with this property/variable. In contrast, with a weak reference you signify that you don’t want to have control over the object’s lifetime. The simplest way to think about this is in terms of tree roots.

Why outlets are weak in Swift?

weak is used because in most situations the owner of the outlet isn’t the same as the owner of the view. For example, a view controller doesn’t own someLabel – the view controller’s view does. var because outlets are, by definition, set after initialization.

How do I declare an IBOutlet in Swift?

Simplicity rules in swift. If you have a property defined that you want to make accessible to your storyboards, just add the @IBOutlet attribute before your property. Similarly with @IBAction to connect storyboard actions back to code. class MyViewController: UIViewController { @IBOutlet weak var likeButton: UIButton?

What is the meaning of in Swift?

Means you can assign default value nil or any other value if something[“something”] is nil or optional) let val = (something[“something”] as? String) != nil ? ( something[“something”] as!

What is swift type?

In Swift, there are two kinds of types: named types and compound types. A named type is a type that can be given a particular name when it’s defined. Named types include classes, structures, enumerations, and protocols. … A compound type is a type without a name, defined in the Swift language itself.

Why is delegate weak in iOS?

For delegation patters in iOS, the delegated object is the parent, because there is no need for the delegate caller to exist without the delegated object. … When you define a delegate object as property, it’s used a weak reference in the object it is defined in(lets say A, i.e. the delegate object is a property of A).

What is weak self in Swift?

In Swift, we need to use weak self and unowned self to give ARC the required information between relationships in our code. Without using weak or unowned you’re basically telling ARC that a certain “strong reference” is needed and you’re preventing the reference count from going to zero.

Why is IBOutlet weak?

In Mac development an IBOutlet is usually a weak reference: if you have a subclass of NSViewController only the top-level view will be retained and when you dealloc the controller all its subviews and outlets are freed automatically. UiViewController use Key Value Coding to set the outlets using strong references.

What is retain count in Swift?

Retain Count represents number of owners for a particular object. It is zero till object does not have any owners. Increase in one ownership claim will cause retain count to increase by 1 and decrease will cause it to decrement by 1. Example: – Class A object is created using alloc/init and retain count is 1.

What is ARC in Swift?

Swift uses Automatic Reference Counting (ARC) to track and manage your app’s memory usage. … ARC automatically frees up the memory used by class instances when those instances are no longer needed.

Does Swift have GC?

Memory management in Swift (iOS) Swift uses a simple garbage collection mechanism. It’s called ARC (Automatic Reference Counting). This approach is based on tracking the strong references count to an object held by other objects.