Question: What Is Strong And Weak In IOS?

What is weak self in Swift?

In Swift, we need to use weak self and unowned self to give ARC the required information between relationships in our code.

Without using weak or unowned you’re basically telling ARC that a certain “strong reference” is needed and you’re preventing the reference count from going to zero..

Why delegates are weak iOS?

For delegation patters in iOS, the delegated object is the parent, because there is no need for the delegate caller to exist without the delegated object. … When you define a delegate object as property, it’s used a weak reference in the object it is defined in(lets say A, i.e. the delegate object is a property of A).

What is closure in Swift?

Closures are self-contained blocks of functionality that can be passed around and used in your code. Closures in Swift are similar to blocks in C and Objective-C and to lambdas in other programming languages. … Nested functions are closures that have a name and can capture values from their enclosing function.

What is capture list in Swift?

Swift lets us specify a capture list to determine how values used inside the closure should be captured. The most common alternative to strong capturing is called weak capturing, and it changes two things: Weakly captured values aren’t kept alive by the closure, so they might be destroyed and be set to nil .

What is Self in iOS Swift?

self is a property on the instance that refers to itself. … When self is accessed in a type method ( static func or class func ), it refers to the actual type (rather than an instance). Swift allows to omit self when you want to access instances properties.

What is ARC iOS?

Swift uses Automatic Reference Counting (ARC) to track and manage your app’s memory usage. … ARC automatically frees up the memory used by class instances when those instances are no longer needed.

What is difference between weak and strong in Swift?

A strong reference means that you want to “own” the object you are referencing with this property/variable. In contrast, with a weak reference you signify that you don’t want to have control over the object’s lifetime. A weak reference is like observing the tree from afar. …

Why is IBOutlet weak?

In Mac development an IBOutlet is usually a weak reference: if you have a subclass of NSViewController only the top-level view will be retained and when you dealloc the controller all its subviews and outlets are freed automatically. UiViewController use Key Value Coding to set the outlets using strong references.

What is unowned self in Swift?

The most common place you’ll see unowned variables is with closures that declare [unowned self] – this means “I want to reference self inside this closure but I don’t want to own it.” Why unowned rather than weak ? Both would work, but let’s face it: if self is nil inside a closure, something has gone wrong!

What is the difference between weak and unowned?

The first difference you need to know about is that an unowned reference is always expected to have a value. … When that happens, the reference is set to nil . Because a weak reference can be set to nil , it is always declared as an optional. That is the second difference between weak and unowned references.

What is computed property in Swift?

Swift offers us two kinds of property: a stored property is one that saves a value for use later, and a computed property is one that runs some code in order to calculate the value. … The computed property returns a string based on joining the four stored properties into a sentence.

What are strong and weak references in iOS?

A weak reference is just a pointer to an object that doesn’t protect the object from being deallocated by ARC. While strong references increase the retain count of an object by 1, weak references do not. In addition, weak references zero out the pointer to your object when it successfully deallocates.

What is strong reference in Swift?

Strong Reference Cycle. In essence, strong references are used to describe the relationship between objects. When an object has a strong reference to another object, this creates a retain cycle that prevents the object that is being referenced from being deallocated and increases the retain count to 1.

What is $0 and $1 in Swift?

$0 and $1 are Closure’s first and second shorthand arguments (a.k.a. Shorthand Argument Names or SAN for short). The shorthand argument names are automatically provided by Swift. The first argument can be referenced by $0 , the second argument can be referenced by $1 , the third one by $2 , and so on.

Why outlets are weak Swift?

Because the outlet is declared weak, it is automatically set to nil when it’s deallocated. Because the outlet is an implicitly unwrapped optional, it has no value, that is, is equal to nil , and the application would crash as a result. If this happens, chances are you’re doing something you shouldn’t be doing.