Question: Guard In Swift

What does if let mean in Swift?

The “if let” allows us to unwrap optional values safely only when there is a value, and if not, the code block will not run.

Simply put, its focus is on the “true” condition when a value exists..

Why we use defer in Swift?

Swift’s defer keyword lets us set up some work to be performed when the current scope exits. For example, you might want to make sure that some temporary resources are cleaned up once a method exits, and defer will make sure that happens no matter how that exit happens.

What is unwrapping in Swift?

Unwrapping an optional means that you are now casting that type as non-optional. This will generate a new type and assign the value that resided within that optional to the new non-optional type. This way you can perform operations on that variable as it has been guaranteed by the compiler to have a solid value.

Is Swift type safe?

Swift is a type-safe language. A type safe language encourages you to be clear about the types of values your code can work with. If part of your code requires a String , you can’t pass it an Int by mistake. … If you don’t specify the type of value you need, Swift uses type inference to work out the appropriate type.

Where is Swift used?

Swift is a compiled programming language for iOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, and Linux applications. Here’s what you need to know about Swift. Created by Apple in 2014. Backed up by one of the most influential tech companies in the world, Swift is set to become the dominant language for iOS development and beyond.

What is defer keyword in Swift?

The defer keyword is new in Swift 2 and lets you schedule some code to be run at a later date. That later date is when your code exits its current scope, which might be when a function returns or at the end of a loop, for example. If you’ve used other programming languages, defer will seem similar to try/finally .

Do try catch Swift?

The try/catch syntax was added in Swift 2.0 to make exception handling clearer and safer. It’s made up of three parts: do starts a block of code that might fail, catch is where execution gets transferred if any errors occur, and any function calls that might fail need to be called using try .

How do I unwrap optional in Swift?

You can force unwrap an optional by adding an exclamation mark after the optional constant or variable, like this: print(email!) Now, consider the following two scenarios: Instead of having a value, email is nil .

What is difference between if let and guard in Swift?

guard let will unwrap an optional for you, but if it finds nil inside it expects you to exit the function, loop, or condition you used it in. However, the major difference between if let and guard let is that your unwrapped optional remains usable after the guard code.

What is singleton in Swift?

Singleton is a creational design pattern, which ensures that only one object of its kind exists and provides a single point of access to it for any other code. Singleton has almost the same pros and cons as global variables. Although they’re super-handy, they break the modularity of your code.

How do you use Guard?

The main use of guard statement is to transfer program control out of a scope on certain conditions. These statements are similar with if statements which executes statements based on certain condition (boolean value) but unlike if, the guard statements only run when certain conditions are not met.

Is Swift typed?

Swift is strongly typed. Whenever you use a variable or pass something as a function argument, Swift checks that it is of the correct type. You can’t pass a string to a function that expects an integer etc. Swift does this check at compile time (since it’s statically typed).

What is optional in Swift?

An optional in Swift is basically a constant or variable that can hold a value OR no value. The value can or cannot be nil. It is denoted by appending a “?” after the type declaration. … This is a big impact on the language Swift itself because what that means is that anything non-optional types can never be nil.

What is closure Swift?

Closures are self-contained blocks of functionality that can be passed around and used in your code. Closures in Swift are similar to blocks in C and Objective-C and to lambdas in other programming languages. … Nested functions are closures that have a name and can capture values from their enclosing function.

How do I force unwrap in Swift?

Even though Swift isn’t sure the conversion will work, you can see the code is safe so you can force unwrap the result by writing ! after Int(str) , like this: let num = Int(str)! Swift will immediately unwrap the optional and make num a regular Int rather than an Int? .

What is a bundle in iOS?

A bundle is a directory in the file system that groups executable code and related resources such as images and sounds together in one place. In iOS and OS X, applications, frameworks, plug-ins, and other types of software are bundles.

Why optionals are useful in Swift?

Optionals are in the core of Swift and exist since the first version of Swift. An optional value allows us to write clean code with at the same time taking care of possible nil values. If you’re new to Swift you might need to get used to the syntax of adding a question mark to properties.

What does guard do in Swift?

A guard statement is used to transfer program control out of a scope if one or more conditions aren’t met. A guard statement has the following form: guard condition else { statements.

What are tuples in Swift?

Tuples in Swift occupy the space between dictionaries and structures: they hold very specific types of data (like a struct) but can be created on the fly (like dictionaries). They are commonly used to return multiple values from a function call.

What is the meaning of in Swift?

Means you can assign default value nil or any other value if something[“something”] is nil or optional) let val = (something[“something”] as? String) != nil ? ( something[“something”] as!

Is Swift similar to Python?

Swift is more similar to languages such as Ruby and Python than is Objective-C. For example, it’s not necessary to end statements with a semicolon in Swift, just like in Python. … If you cut your programming teeth on Ruby and Python, Swift should appeal to you.