How Do Delegates Work In Swift?

Should delegates be weak or strong?

Delegates should always generally be weak..

What is delegate and datasource in Swift?

A data source is an outlet held by NSView and UIView objects such as table views and outline views that require a source from which to populate their rows of visible data. The data source for a view is usually the same object that acts as its delegate, but it can be any object.

What are delegates and protocols in IOS?

Delegates are a use of the language feature of protocols. The delegation design pattern is a way of designing your code to use protocols where necessary. In the Cocoa frameworks, the delegate design pattern is used to specify an instance of a class which conforms to a particular protocol.

How do I stop retaining cycles in Swift?

We can solve this in two ways. First, we can use [unowned self]: Now the closure doesn’t have a strong reference anymore. Just be careful when using [unowned self] since that, if the object has already been deallocated when the closure is called, a crash will occur.

WHAT IS protocols in Swift?

Protocol is a very powerful feature of the Swift programming language. Protocols are used to define a “blueprint of methods, properties, and other requirements that suit a particular task or piece of functionality.”

How do I use delegates in Swift?

The basic steps to use delegation are the same for both Objective-C and Swift:Create a delegate protocol that defines the messages sent to the delegate.Create a delegate property in the delegating class to keep track of the delegate.Adopt and implement the delegate protocol in the delegate class.More items…•Nov 9, 2015

What is a delegate method in Swift?

Delegation is used for everything from handling table view events using UITableViewDelegate , to modifying cache behavior using NSCacheDelegate . The core purpose of the delegate pattern is to allow an object to communicate back to its owner in a decoupled way.

Why delegates are weak in Swift?

With using lazy keyword we are not initializing delegate which means there is no memory leak right now. Let’s break that. Object will be created and there will be memory leak. … Therefore, if the object conforming to the protocol needs to be stored in a weak property then the protocol must be a class-only protocol.

What is the difference between delegate and protocol in Swift?

Protocol is a set of methods (either optional or required) that would be implemented by the class which conforms to that protocol. While, delegate is the reference to that class which conforms to that protocol and will adhere to implement methods defined in protocol. Have a look at this Apple doc for more detail.

What is weak in Swift?

A weak reference is just a pointer to an object that doesn’t protect the object from being deallocated by ARC. In Swift, all weak references are non-constant Optionals (think var vs. … let ) because the reference can and will be mutated to nil when there is no longer anything holding a strong reference to it.

What is callback in Swift?

In the Swift language you can pass a function as an argument to another function. … The callback function takes two integers as its arguments and returns Void. The callback is called for every element of the given array, with the first argument being the Array index, and the second argument the array element.

CAN protocols have properties?

A protocol can have properties as well as methods that a class, enum or struct conforming to this protocol can implement. A protocol declaration only specifies the required property name and type. It doesn’t say anything about whether the property should be a stored one or a computed one.

Why delegates are weak iOS?

For delegation patters in iOS, the delegated object is the parent, because there is no need for the delegate caller to exist without the delegated object. … When you define a delegate object as property, it’s used a weak reference in the object it is defined in(lets say A, i.e. the delegate object is a property of A).

What is difference between delegate and datasource in iOS?

A data source is almost identical to a delegate. The difference is in the relationship with the delegating object. Instead of being delegated control of the user interface, a data source is delegated control of data.

What is unowned self in Swift?

The most common place you’ll see unowned variables is with closures that declare [unowned self] – this means “I want to reference self inside this closure but I don’t want to own it.” Why unowned rather than weak ? Both would work, but let’s face it: if self is nil inside a closure, something has gone wrong!

How do I create a custom delegate in Swift?

How To Create A Custom Delegate In SwiftThe Delegate Pattern in Swift.Create A Delegate Protocol.Extend A Delegate Protocol.Implement A Custom Delegate.How To Use A Custom Delegate.Creating Optional Delegate Methods.Jan 3, 2021

WHAT IS interface in Swift?

2. 17. Instead of interface swift have Protocols. A protocol defines a blueprint of methods, properties, and other requirements that suit a particular task or piece of functionality. The protocol can then be adopted by a class, structure, or enumeration to provide an actual implementation of those requirements.

What are delegates in iOS?

Delegate is simply just a means of communication between objects of iOS applications. You can think delegation as a simple way of connecting objects and communicate with each other. In other words we can say that delegate allows one object to send message to other object when any event occurs.

What are delegate methods?

A delegate method is a method that the delegate object is expected to implement. … A delegate is simply a reference to another object and a delegate method is a method of the delegate. A delegate method implements the callback mechanism which usually takes the sender as one of the parameter to be called.

How do I use protocol and delegate in Swift 4?

A protocol needs to be defined. Remember that the delegation “design pattern is implemented by defining a protocol that encapsulates the delegated responsibilities, such that a conforming type (known as a delegate) is guaranteed to provide the functionality that has been delegated” (my emphasis added).